Designing Intelligent Facades & Fenestrations Ravideep Singh

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The façade is the outer envelope of any building, and fenestrations are the arrangement of openings such as windows and doors. Despite being located on the exterior of a building, facades and fenestrations control many aspects of the interior. Apart from serving an aesthetic function, they are designed to provide thermal comfort to the users of the building. With the challenges of climate change and the obvious demand for sustainable design, it has become crucial for architects to design the building skin and its components accordingly.